The beauty of this report is that it`s very easy to see which countries are leading the way and which are lagging behind, Watson says. “We are already experiencing major effects of climate change. Waiting for action only engages us in higher temperatures and deteriorating effects,” he says. The Paris Agreement is the world`s first comprehensive climate agreement.  The process of translating the Paris Agreement into national programmes and its implementation has begun. The commitment of the least developed countries (NTPs) is an example of this. The LDC Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Sustainable Development Initiative, known as the REEEI LDC, aims to provide sustainable and clean energy to millions of energy-intensive people in the least developed countries, improve access to energy, create jobs and contribute to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals.  At the end of COP 21 (21. Meeting of the Conference of the Parties presiding over the Conference) on 12 December 2015, the final text of the Paris Agreement was adopted by consensus by all 195 participating Member States of the UNFCCC and the European Union in order to reduce emissions as part of the greenhouse gas emission reduction methodology. In the 12-page agreement, members pledged to reduce their carbon emissions “as quickly as possible” and to do their best to keep global warming “well below 2°C” [3.6°F].  This pathway risks triggering natural feedbacks such as massive thawing of permafrost or widespread forest extinction, which could lead to further uncontrollable warming. Scientists have called this the greenhouse-to-earth scenario, in which sea levels rise 30 to 200 feet (10 to 60 meters) and large parts of the planet become uninhabitable.
All countries must stand up, accept that global emissions must reach net zero by 2050 and take very big steps to achieve this, says Niklas Höhne of the NewClimate Institute for Climate Policy and Global Sustainability in Germany. “With our withdrawal from the agreement, we are among the few countries in the world that have not signed the global agreement,” Dr. George Benjamin, executive director of the American Public Health Association, said in a statement. “At the same time, the United States is the second largest emitter of greenhouse gases in the world after China.” The majority of carbon reduction commitments made in 2030 by 184 countries under the Paris Agreement are far from sufficient to keep global warming well below 3.6 degrees Fahrenheit (2 degrees Celsius). Some countries will not meet their commitments and some of the world`s largest carbon emitters will continue to increase their emissions, according to a group of world-class climate scientists. The NDC partnership was launched at COP22 in Marrakech to improve cooperation so that countries have access to the technical knowledge and financial support they need to achieve climate and sustainability goals on a large scale. The NDC partnership is led by a steering committee made up of developed and developing countries and international institutions, and supported by a support unit hosted by the World Resources Institute based in Washington, DC and Bonn, Germany. The NDC Partnership is jointly led by the governments of Costa Rica and the Netherlands and includes 93 member countries, 21 institutional partners and ten associate members. In 2016, Trump promised to “cancel” the deal, which he said was an unfair burden on the United States.