Wassenaar Agreement China

According to the sources, the agreement was reached unanimously at a meeting of the Withdrawal Agreement in December, a non-binding international regime based in Vienna that restricts the export of raw materials and technology that can be diverted for use by military forces and weapons. The purpose of these changes was to prevent Western tech companies from selling surveillance technologies to governments known to violate human rights. However, some tech companies have expressed concerns that the scope of controls could be too broad, limiting the ability of security researchers to identify and remediate security vulnerabilities. Google and Facebook have criticized the deal for the restrictions it imposes on activities such as penetration testing, sharing threat information and bug bounty programs. [6] [7] They argue that the restrictions will weaken the security of participating countries and will do little to curb threats from non-participating countries. [8] [9] Although Japan is considering tightening procedures for exporting products and technologies with military applications under the VA Agreement, this could affect some domestic companies, as the new measures include cutting-edge areas related to manufacturing. It succeeded the Cold War-era Coordinating Committee on Multilateral Export Controls (COCOM) and was founded on 12 July 1996 in Wassenaar, the Netherlands, near The Hague. The Wassenaar Arrangement is much less strict than COCOM and focuses primarily on the transparency of national export control regimes and does not grant individual members a veto over organizational decisions. A secretariat for the administration of the Agreement is located in Vienna, Austria. However, like COCOM, it is not a contract and is therefore not legally binding. The VA deal came amid growing fears that key infrastructure and military systems could face cyberattacks during the simmering Stalemate between the United States and Iran. Every six months, member countries exchange information on the supply of conventional weapons to non-Wassenaar members in eight broad categories of weapons: battle tanks, armoured fighting vehicles (AFVs), large-calibre artillery, military aircraft, military helicopters, warships, missiles or missile systems, small arms and light weapons.

The Standing Committee of the 13th National People`s Congress promulgated the Export Control Law of the People`s Republic of China (LMCE or the Law) on October 17, 2020.1 The law will enter into force on December 1, 2020. .