The declaration between Japan and North Korea in Pyongyang was signed in 2002 and was the result of a systematic summit between Japan and North Korea. Pyongyang`s declaration was initiated with the aim of creating diplomacy between the two nations, where this did not exist to date due to historical hostilities. The aim of the declaration was to provide North Korea with long-term loans at reduced rates and economic assistance (including humanitarian aid) in accordance with the moratorium on nuclear missile development in force since 1999.  However, in current developments, this category of the agreement has been violated. (See North Korea and weapons of mass destruction). The Japanese government wanted the return of the abducted Japanese citizens, which was not recognized before the declaration. The planned trips were based on the Stockholm Agreement, under which Pyongyang agreed to resume an investigation into the fate of Japanese nationals abducted by North Korea in the 1970s and 1980s, as well as those who were on the Korean peninsula after the end of the war. Among the four subcategory of Pyongyang`s declaration was Japan`s commitment to provide economic assistance to its North Korean comrades. This will only be in place when bilateral diplomatic relations have been normalized and the abductees have been repatriated. According to the Japanese government, some 30 Japanese citizens were abducted during the reign of his predecessor Kim Jong Il, and five of those abducted were recognized and repatriated.
With this promise, North Korea has agreed to extend its moratorium on their missile tests, which has become an international problem and a threat of war.  In this context, there is a mutual responsibility to neutralize and maintain positive relations without the involvement of the United States. This was a major factor in the statements and played a key role in maintaining positive relationships. The intergovernmental consultations between Japan and North Korea took place in November 2012, which were the first consultations with North Korea in four years. During the meeting, the two sides held in-depth discussions on the issue of abduction and reached agreement on further discussions to further review progress and examine some of the views. In addition, the Japanese side of North Korea has discussed cases where the possibility of abduction by North Korea cannot be ruled out. The agreement was reached shortly after the Yokotas were able to see for the first time their North Korean-born granddaughter or Megumi`s daughter at a secret meeting in Mongolia. This obvious gesture of goodwill by North Korea paved the way for the Stockholm agreement.